Psoriasis is a common chronic skin condition and a genetic autoimmune disease. The disease is characterized by raised, itchy plaques and reddened skin covered in rough skin and scales. It can be found all over the body, but for many people it is localized on areas such as the elbows, knees, and scalp.
What causes psoriasis, and how do I identify it?
Psoriasis is a systemic inflammatory disease; this means that it can cause inflammation throughout your body.
It is caused by your immune system mistakenly attacking your healthy skin cells. The scales form when your skin produces new skin cells at a rapid rate. This rapid growth of skin cells causes an intense build-up of skin, as the old skin cells do not have enough time to shed. The rapid cell growth presents itself on your skin the form of raised red patches and silvery scales. These patches are often quite itchy and irritating. The scaled areas may crack open and bleed.
Plaque psoriasis is the most common
There are five main types of psoriasis, although the most common form is known as plaque psoriasis. It is estimated that roughly 80 percent of people with psoriasis have this form. It presents itself as rough, raised red patches that often have scales or plaques on them. It most commonly appears on the scalp, elbows, and knees.
Other forms of psoriasis in Atlanta, GA
- Guttate psoriasis: This form of psoriasis causes pinkish spots to form and most commonly affects children.
- Pustular psoriasis: This form of psoriasis includes pus-filled blisters along with skin inflammation. It is more common in adults and may appear in smaller areas on the body.
- Inverse psoriasis: Often occurring in the folds of the skin such as around the groin or under the breasts, inverse psoriasis looks like shiny, red skin, rather than raised and thick.
- Erythrodermic psoriasis: A rare form of psoriasis that covers large sections of skin and can appear in people with severe illnesses or fever.
How do I know if I have psoriasis?
The best way to find out if you have psoriasis is to schedule a consultation with our medical team at Ideal Body Institute.
If you have psoriasis you will be exhibiting all or some of the following symptoms:
- Patches of red and inflamed skin that is raised
- White plaques or scales on the red, inflamed patches
- The skin around the patches is sore, itchy, or irritated
- Extremely dry skin that is prone to cracking and bleeding
- Inflammation of the joints, or joints that are swollen
- Thick skin around the nails or the nails themselves
Depending on the form of psoriasis that you have, the symptoms may differ.
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